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andhra pradesh history

andhra pradesh history

In February 2014 both chambers of the Indian parliament gave final approval for the creation of Telangana, which became India’s 29th state on June 2. History of Andhra Pradesh: After being ruled by many invaders for centuries, Telugu people's capital Andhra's foundation was laid in the struggle of … When did Andhra Pradesh formed as state of Indian union? Soon a neutral Muslim state called Bahmani Sultanate was formed in Central India by Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah after revolting against the Turkish kingdom in North India. The Kshatriyas also had a … …north-central and northeastern portions of. A number of Sanskrit epics like Aitareya Brahmana (800 BCE) refers to the Vedic roots of the Telugu speaking people of Andhra in the Indian subcontinent. The recorded history of Amaravati and nearby Dharanikota is from the 2nd century BC. The formation of an alliance between the various neighbouring Muslim principalities ultimately led to the fall of Vijayanagar in 1565, leaving the Muslims in control of the Andhra areas. Nonetheless, the TDP again took control of the government in 2014, with Naidu again becoming chief minister. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The great Mauryan emperor Ashoka (reigned c. 265–238 bce) sent Buddhist missions to the Andhras … They promoted a Telugu way of life by encouraging literature and fine arts for about 200 years (early 1500 to 1699). A number of Sanskrit epics like Aitareya Brahmana (800 BCE) refers to the Vedic roots of the Telugu speaking people of Andhra in the Indian subcontinent. "Andhra State would have remained a dream had Potti Sriramulu not sacrificed his life. ApPsc Online coaching is provided by pscnotes. Andhra Pradesh came into existence in its present form in 1956 as a result of the demand of the Andhras … King Krishnadevaraya emerged as the tallest emperor in South India by extending his control over deep South, building temples, monuments and patronising fine arts. Freedom struggle laid the foundation for the birth of a unified Andhra state after Independence. The French under Marquis de Bussy-Castelnau and the English army led by General Robert Clive were busy planning strategies to take over the fertile and rich Andhra land. An agreement was finally reached that designated Hyderabad as capital of both states for 10 years, after which it would be the capital solely of Telangana. Historically the earliest mention of the Andhras appeared in the Aitareya Brahmana (B.C.800). Under the Chalukyas, Hinduism emerged as the dominant religion, and the first of the Telugu poets, Nannaya, began translating the Sanskrit epic, Mahabharata into Telugu, marking the birth of Telugu as a literary medium. History of Andhra Pradesh The history of Andhra Pradesh dates back to ancient times. Several dynasties ruled over this part of the country. Leaders such as Kandukuri Veeresalingam were pioneers in social reform. 1979-06-01 Vizianagaram district is formed in Andhra Pradesh, India. The major role in determining the climate of the state is played by South- West Monsoons. History of Andhra Pradesh. The ruins of the university, at Nagarjunakonda, still reflect its former glory. According to the last census of India in 2011, the state has a population of about 49.67 million, which … They were patrons of diverse religions and also were great builders; their principal city, Amaravati, contained Buddhist monuments that inaugurated a new style of architecture. Related Posts. February 27, 2020 Supreme Court upholds Centre’s 2018 amendments in SC/ST. In exchange for their help, the British acquired from the nizam the coastal Andhra districts lying to the north of the city of Madras (now Chennai) and later the hinterland districts. But the winters in Andhra Pradesh are pleasant. A group of people named Andhras was mentioned in Sanskrit texts such as Aitareya Brahmana (800–500 BCE). By the start of the 21st century, however, the demand for a Telangana separate from Andhra Pradesh had grown dramatically, spearheaded by the establishment in 2001 of the Telangana Rashtra Samithi, a political party dedicated to creating the new state. As per Matsya Purana, seven kings ruled the dynasty for about 52 years. The history of Yadav's of Andhra Pradesh is incomplete without mentioning the most Famous & richest temple of the world-Tirupati Balaji. The Andhras’ demand for separate statehood became so insistent that, when the central government refused to comply, a local leader, Potti Sreeramulu, fasted to death in 1952 to dramatize the issue. The major portion of the southern India (Dakshina Patha) was extended by Andhra region. About the 1st century ce the Satavahanas (or Satakarni), one of the most-renowned of the Andhra dynasties, came to power. Simultaneously, a movement was organized to unite the Telugu-speaking peoples living under British rule with those under the nizam’s administration. Although Sanskrit writings dating to about 1000 bce contain references to a people called “Andhras” living south of the central Indian mountain ranges, definitive historical evidence of the Andhras dates from the times of the Mauryan dynasty, which ruled in the north from the late 4th to the early 2nd century bce. Demonstrations by pro-separatists were forcefully put down by the government in late 1969, and the movement languished for a number of years. There are many anecdotes in Ramayana, Mahabharata and other puranas that point to the people being the descendants of Sage Vishwamitra. The endluru village is 8 km south east of Ongole. The Telugu-speaking Telangana region, however, remained under the nizam’s dominion of Hyderabad, and the French acquired a few towns. There are recorded history of them in the Aithareya Brahmana and the Mauryan period. The exit of Satavahanas led to many divisions in the vast Telugu landscape which was ruled by a number of feudal chieftains and small kings. One book was published by the Andhra Pradesh Government in 1965, titled "Coins of Yadava's" by Dr. R Subhramaniam, which has good collection of pictures of these coins. Andhra State was the first state in India to be formed on a mainly linguistic basis by carving it out from the Madras Presidency in 1953. Andhra state was later merged with the Telugu-speaking area of Hyderabad state to create Andhra Pradesh in 1 November, 1956 following a report submitted by States Reorganisation Commission (SRC). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The history of origin of the people of Andhra dates back to the pre-Christian era. The great Mauryan emperor Ashoka (reigned c. 265–238 bce) sent Buddhist missions to the Andhras in the south. History of Andhra Pradesh: Although Sanskrit writings dating to about 1000 BCE contain references to a people called “ Andhras ” living south of the central Indian mountain ranges, definitive historical evidence of the Andhras dates from the times of the Mauryan dynasty, which ruled in the north from the late 4th to the early 2nd century BCE. Two-party system with a democratic governance emerged as Telugu Desam founder and CM N.T. That action paved the way for the formation of linguistic states throughout India, beginning in 1956 and continuing into the 21st century. But the unexpected demise of Vijayanagara empire led to the emergence of a more liberal Qutb Shahi dynasty at the Bahmani Sultanate that ruled most of the current state of Andhra Pradesh. The glorious past of Andhra Pradesh is a result of the many different dynasties that have ruled the region. Andhra Pradesh Climate is generally hot and humid. During the 12th and 13th centuries the dynasty of the Kakatiyas of Warangal (now in Telangana) extended Andhra power militarily and culturally, and during their regime the commercial expansion of the Andhras toward Southeast Asia reached its peak. 1. Pride in their historical and linguistic achievements led them to demand a separate province. Andhra Pradesh's history dates back to the Vedic period. [4] Start Preparation online now for ApPsc Exam. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Andhra Pradesh (AP) History. When Telangana was seperated from Andhra Pradesh? 2. After the fall of the Satavahana Empire, the Ikshvakus of Nagarjunakonda came into power. Thus, the major part of the Andhra country came under British rule, part of what then was the Madras Presidency. GK Quiz Questions on Andhra Pradesh History. In 1950 the southern and eastern Andhra portion was incorporated into Madras state, and the Telangana region became part of Hyderabad state. Through the States Reorganization Act of 1956, the state of Hyderabad was split up, and its Telugu-speaking districts (constituting Telangana) were joined to the Andhra state on November 1, 1956, to form the new state of Andhra Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh History Questions and Answers . Telugu literature, for instance, flourished during that period. It will be immensely helpful for candidates preparing for APPSC Group -1, Group -2 Screening Test and Mains Exam and Group -3, Panchayat Secretary, VRO, ASO exams. A new era of power struggle erupted after the fall of Kakatiya dynasty with Turkish kingdoms in Delhi, Chalukya Cholas in the south and the Sultanate of Central India (Persio-Tajik) competing with each other to extend their influence in Telugu heartland. and it is located on the south-east coast of the country. Geschichte Anfänge-1500, Andhra Pradesh (India) -- History -- Chronology, India -- Andhra Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Geschichte Anfange-1500 Publisher New Delhi : Sterling Publishers Collection inlibrary; printdisabled; internetarchivebooks Digitizing sponsor Kahle/Austin Foundation Contributor Internet Archive Language English The Dravidian style of architecture is intertwined with cultural practices of rulers from Chola, Chalukyas, Vijayanagar, Satavahanas and Gajapati empires. km. Although Sanskrit writings dating to about 1000 bce contain references to a people called “ Andhras ” living south of the central Indian mountain ranges, definitive historical evidence of the Andhras dates from the times of the Mauryan dynasty, which ruled in the north from the late 4th to the early 2nd century bce. Answer : From 1163 to 1323. Musunuri Nayaks defeated Delhi Sultanate in battles thus paving way for another glorious chapter of independent rule under the Vijayanagara Empire (1336-1646) for the Andhra people. Prakasam Panthulu was the first CM of Andhra. With the European powers eyeing territories for trade and exploitation, the Qutb Shah dynasty at the Bahmani Sultanate came to an abrupt end. A special feature of the new state government was the creation of regional committees for Telangana and Rayalaseema. Answer : 2 June 2014. The Chalukya Chola dynasty (later days Cholas) ruled a vast swath of territory from the island of Lanka to Kalinga in the northeast from 1070 until the demise of their empire in the second half of the 13th century. Indian nationalism arose during the 19th century, and the Andhras took a place at the forefront of the movement. Andhra Pradesh is also known as Andhra, the seventh-largest state of India with an area of 160,205 sq. After India gained independence in 1947, however, the region remained administratively and linguistically divided. Buddhism prospered under the Andhras, and in their capital flourished the great Buddhist university of antiquity, where Nagarjuna (c. 150–250 ce), the founder of the Mahayana school of Buddhism, taught. Subsequently, the unified State of A.P. How long the Kakatiya dynasty existed? In the struggle against British rule, Andhra leaders played decisive roles. The state draws its name from the Andhra people, who have inhabited the area since antiquity and developed their own language, Telugu. Bowing to the wishes of the people, the Centre passed a new legislation in Parliament for the creation of Telangana with 10 districts on 18 February 2014. Dream of Maha Maya presaging the Buddha's birth, marble relief from Nagarjunakonda, Andhra Pradesh state, India, Amaravati style. (Source) Andhra Pradesh’s rich history of dynasties and kingdoms influenced the architecture significantly. There is evidence that the coastal kingdom of Andhra Pradesh was quite flourishing during the Satavahana Period. Andhra Pradesh History Andhra Pradesh is one of the state of the country, which takes pride in its rich historical and cultural heritage. Experts ascribe parts of the famous paintings in the Ajanta Caves of the Deccan (now in Maharashtra state) to the Andhra painters of that period. Under this empire, Buddhism flourished. was formed on November 1, … The movement for separate Telangana gathered speed in early 2000s with violent protests, bandhs and campaigns resulting in many deaths and loss to the exchequer. AP History PDF - Download Andhra Pradesh History Material, AP History study material for APPSC Group 2, APPSC Group 3 Panchayat Secretary and Group 1 in PDF Rama Rao ruling the state with Congress in the opposition during the 1980s. Telugu language and its literature replaced the once dominant Sanskrit (and its dialect Prakrit), thus contributing to the nurturing of Telugu pride among the people. It is mentioned in Sanskrit epics such as Aitareya Brahmana (800 BCE ). Brief History of Prakasam District (previously Ongole District) About the name of ONGOLE There is a story about the people of the Ongole neighborhood about how the Ongole got its name. Social reformers like Tanguturi Prakasam Panthulu and Kandukuri Veeresalingam further led the agitation for a new Andhra state which was formed on 1 October, 1953 with Kurnool as its capital. The Andhras continued to prosper over the next millennium, and in the 11th century the eastern Chalukya dynasty unified most of the Andhra area. Most of these accounts of Andhra people seem to be linked the arrival of a sage called Vishwamitra to the banks of Krishna-Godavari. They are supposed to be the Aryans who migrated to the state of Andhra Pradesh far beyond from the Vindhyas. During the period from 700 to 300 BCE, an ancient kingdom called Assaka Maha Janapada (great empires) was in the saddle between Godavari and Krishna rivers in south-eastern India. A peek into the … Andhra Pradesh History Kings of Ikshvaku dynasty Ikshvakus ruled the Andhra region after the fall of the Satavahana dynasty. The purpose of the committees was to ensure that the views of the people of those two regions were heard and that regional interests were protected, since the areas were economically and educationally less-advanced than the coastal Andhra areas. February 13, 2020 Given how India’s electoral system and political conventions shadow the office, a major revamp is … According to Aitareya Brahmana of the Rig Veda, the Andhras left north India from banks of River Yamuna and settled in south India. But in a battle, the British defeated Maharaja Vijaya Rama Gajapati Raju of Vizianagaram in 1792, thus extending full control over Andhra region. The largest city in this state is Visakhapatnam and Vijayawada. It has a population of 75,727,000 people according to the census of 2001. Most notable writer was Nannaya whose literary works made good impact on the society. Since the creation of Andhra state in 1953 and its transformation into Andhra Pradesh three years later, control of the state’s government has largely been in the hands of the Indian National Congress (Congress Party). Political History of Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh state was formed on 1 st nov 1956 uniting both Andhra state and Telangana Region taking language as a base. They did not refer themselves as Andhra in any of their coins or inscriptions; it is possible that they were termed as Andhras because of their ethnic… There are total 15 chapters in this material. [1] [2] [3] The Assaka Mahajanapada (700–300 BCE) was an ancient kingdom located between the Godavari and Krishna Rivers in southeastern India. One of the 16 majestic kingdoms in 600 BCE, the Assaka was replaced by Satavahana empire (230 BCE - 220 CE) whose rulers built the ancient township of Amaravati and they reached to new heights under the rule of King Satakarni. 3. However, the increasingly apparent disparities in the development of different parts of the state gave rise in the early 1980s to the Telugu Desam (“Telugu Nation”) Party (TDP), which advocated a reduced role for the national government in state affairs but not the separation of Telangana from Andhra Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India whose recorded history begins in the Vedic period. While the Ikshvakus ruled the eastern Andhra along the Krishna river in the second half of 2nd Century, the Pallavas (4th Century) emerged as a big force with an empire stretching from southern Andhra to northern Tamil Nadu with Kancheepuram as their capital. The recorded history of Andhra Pradesh can be traced to the Andhra Kingdom of the Iron AgeMaha-Janapada period, succeeded by the Satavahana Empire. : Anyone who wants to know the authentic history of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana right from 5000 BC to AD 1990, he or she can read the eight volumes of “Comprehensive History … The fiery campaign of Potti Sriramulu (1901-1952) who died fasting for an independent state for Telugu people carved out of the then Madras Presidency led to violence in many parts of Andhra. In 1765, Lord Robert Clive with the help of his council in Vishakapatnam got from the Mughal emperor Shah Alam a grant of the five Circars (known as Northern Circars of British India's Madras province). IntroductionThe history of Andhra Pradesh can be broadly divided into two epochs. Its members ruled over almost the entire Deccan plateau and even established trade relations with Rome. Andhra Pradesh, India. The TDP ruled Andhra Pradesh for much of the late 20th and early 21st centuries under its leaders Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (the founder of the party) and then Nara Chandrababu Naidu before the Congress Party returned to power in 2004. Years of discussions followed, as those in what would remain of Andhra Pradesh strongly opposed giving up to Telangana Hyderabad, the state’s most populous and economically important city. It was left to Kakatiya dynasty to unify all Telugu lands during their reign between 624 and 1323 CE ushering in a great synthesis of social, cultural, religious and literary elements of Andhra people who for the first time were governed under a single administration. The Satavahanas have been mentioned by the names Andhra, Andhrara-jateeya and Andhrabhrtya in the Puranic literature. History. General Ulugh Khan commanding a large army was sent by Delhi's Sultan Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq to conquer Telugu kingdom of Kakatiya in 1323. The Pallava kings Mahendravarman I (571 - 630 CE) and Narasimhavarman I (630 - 668 CE) had established a firm control over southern Andhra and northern parts of TN till the end of 9th Century. We have compiled complete Andhra Pradesh (AP) History material in Telugu in PDF format from the ancient period of Satavahanas to the latest bifurcation of Andhra pradesh state in 2014. But the rise of the kingdom of Vijayanagar, to the southwest of Warangal, arrested further expansion of the Muslim power for some time. According to the area, it is the seventh-largest state in India and the tenth most populous state. It has mention in the famous Indian epics Mahabharata, Ramayana, the Jataka Tales and the Puranas. After Musunuri Nayaks defeated the Delhi Sultanate in battles, they were driven off back to Delhi. During the period from 700 to 300 BCE, an ancient kingdom called Assaka Maha Janapada (great empires) was in the saddle between Godavari and Krishna rivers in south-eastern India. It was called Dakshina Path during those days. Around the Mauryan age, there is historical evidence of Andhra as a political power in the southeastern Deccan. After Independence, the Muslim Nizam of Hyderabad wanted to retain his sovereignty, but was forced to cede his kingdom to India in 1948 to form Hyderabad state which remained separately from Andhra region which was part of the then Madras Presidency. Andhra Pradesh is a state located on the south-east coast of India. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy who was representing Indian National Congress served as a … The northern, Telugu- speaking districts of Madras state, including Guntur, advocated for a separate state after independence and the new state of Andhra Pradesh was created in 1953 from the eleven northern districts of Madras. Battles, they were driven off back to Delhi cultural practices of rulers from Chola Chalukyas! Century BC Andhras appeared in the Republic of India with an area of 160,205 sq Delhi as Sultan bin. 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