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features of spoken discourse

features of spoken discourse

Feature of speaker support. The analyses of various features of spoken interaction are included, such as turn-taking, topic control, intonation, discourse markers and repetition. Direct approaches in L2 instruction: A turning point in communicative language teaching? This module examines the patterns, organisation and functions of spoken discourse. This post, The Functions of Language in Discourse with Examples, critically reviews language and explores its various functions in discourse using Roman Jakobson’s Communicative Functions of Language model for analysis. Chapters 2 and 3 described the vocabulary and grammar of conversational English and in this chapter we will continue to build up this picture of spoken language by focusing on linguistic features of extended text as well the links between text and its social context. Orders of reality: CANCODE, communication, and culture. About this chapter. Spoken language is less complex than written language. Far from this idea, Biber (1988) points out that there is no single parameter of linguistic variation that distinguishes spoken and written texts. Grammar pedagogy in second and foreign language teaching. Pomeranz, A. Features of discourse analysis: a. Van Lier (as quoted in Richards) emphasises that discourse involves:...continuous adjustment between speakers and hearers obliged to operate in a code which gives them problems. The academic discourse has its own features and facilitates the communication within the academic environment. It is served to express academic ideas, written or spoken. 4A Rank scale is taxonomy from the smallest unit(s) to the largest. Agreeing and disagreeing with assessments: Some features of preferred/dispreferred turn shapes. Evidence must then be … Dőrnyei, Z., & Thurrell, S. (1994). Slimani, A. Discourse is language functioning in its context of use. Something as short as two phrases in a conversation or as long as an entire extended essay are both examples of discourse and both show various features of discourse. Finally, I shall discuss some features occurring in the analysis in order to draw practical conclusions for L2 teaching. “Talking circle”: Conversation and negotiation in the ESL classroom. Cite as. Unplanned classroom language and teacher training. Sacks, H., Schegloff, E. A., & Jefferson, G. (1974). Context, community and authentic language. In D. Tannen, (Ed.). (1993). Problems in the presentation of speech acts in ELT materials: the case of complaints. Thompson, G. (1997). (1998). In D. Sudnow (Ed.). In D. Sudnow (Ed.). Spoken discourse has many pauses and fillers, such as ‘hhh’, ‘er’ and ‘you know’. Content words tend to be spread out over a number of clauses, whereas they seem to be tightly packed into individual clauses. (2002). Reeling, writhing, drawling, stretching, and painting in coils: Oral proficiency interviews as conversation TESOL. Schegloff, E. A. It implies the use of words and sentences in context for the purpose of conveying meaning. closings. Discourse definition: Discourse is spoken or written communication between people, especially serious... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples 12 of 13. In R. Coulthard (Ed.). b. Non-fluency features. the greeting/salutation used to initiate a conversation before topic is discussed. Everyday argument: The organisation of diversity in talk. Side sequences. The chapter will then center on some of the principal debates in the study of spoken language. Unable to display preview. (1989). Non-verbal utterances to show attention or agreement in conversation. (1989). (1984). Widdowson, H. G. (1998). McCarthy, M. J., & Tao, H. (2001). Spoken discourse, by definition, must consist of at 3Note that ‘a)’ however is a purely form consideration. Polanyi, L. (1982). Schiffrin, D. (1985). We also consider recent work on genre theory and how this has been underpinned by the development of spoken corpora. Schegloff, E. A., Jefferson, G., & Sacks, H. (1977). Some properties of spoken discourse. The Student Room, Get Revising and Marked by Teachers are trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. Since it is not easy to unambiguously clarify what a discourse is it seems reasonable to describe features which are mutual to all its kinds. 806 8067 22 Registered Office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE, Taking a break or withdrawing from your course, Non-verbal utterances to show attention or agreement in conversation. Jarvis, J., & Robinson, M. (1997). (1993). Some features of the site may not work correctly. (1997). Developing discussion skills in the ESL classroom. Green, C.F., Christopher, E. R., & Lam, J. Spoken language is grammatically less complex than written language. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. Just as Cornbleet and Carter say, “speaking, ... Swales (1990) lists some features which examples of genres have, including “purpose, specific name, typical and atypical, good and bad examples, stages and discourse community”. Currently, a lack of age-appropriate protocols and reference data against which to interpret performance, are barriers when working with this population, particularly those that assess a range of genre and language features. Historically, the vast geographic expanse and extreme linguistic and cultural diversity of North America contributed to Native American groups speaking numerous mutually unintelligible languages. pp 859-873 | Integration and involvement in speaking, writing and oral literature. In an argument, the writer or speaker begins with a thesis, which is a clear, explicit statement of beliefs or opinions. Course. In J. M. Sinclair, M. Hoey, & G. Fox (Eds.). Some features of the site may not work correctly. 0.0 / 5. Taking the pitcher to the ‘well’: native speakers’ perception of their use of discourse markers in conversation. Gardner, R. (1987). These are commonly-paired statements or phrases often used in two-way conversation. The study of spoken and sometimes written discourse is called discourse analysis. Jefferson, G. (1972). To do it thoroughly Saussurean concepts of langue and parole are of use. Using a new … according to Yalden, “..Using a language involves something that goes … The creation of discourse is thus ... and a great many features of spontaneous speech flow from this key factor. Grammatical Intricacy Sentences in spoken discourse are short and simple, whereas they are longer and more complex in written discourse. Kramsch, C. (1985). SPOKEN ACADEMIC DISCOURSE: AN APPROACH TO RESEARCH ON LECTURES 163 Thornbury, S. (1996). (1995). Discourse markers are important features of spoken language with many different functions. Features of spoken discourse. Apart from obvious differences between speech and writing like the fact that writing includes some medium which keeps … Corpus ID: 62249597. These include problems of transcription and the representation of context, prosody, etc., and problems arising from the centrifugal tendency of spoken language away from standards and collective norms (as compared with the more homogenous nature of written varieties). The dynamics of political interviews. The structure of a text. Analysing Spoken Discourse in the EFL classroom Christoph Suter, University of Birmingham, January 2002 Module Four Assessment Task SD/01/06 Record one of your (or a colleague's) English classes, and transcribe part of ... Coulthard is founded. Shaleem J Robert. Abstract. The preference for self-correction in the organisation of repair in conversation. Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Prabhu, N. S. (1992). Boxer, D., & Pickering, L. (1995). Discourse is a simple, flat forum, where replies flow down the page in a line. Discourse markers ( so, right, okay ) - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary 2. on the spot).c. Communicative functions of phatic communion. Example: the greeting, ''How are you?'' (1972). Teaching conversational skills intensively: Course content and rationale. Celce-Murcia, M., Dörnyei, Z., & Thurrell, S. (1997). In J. Gumperz & D. Hymes, (Eds.). In order to mediate this contact and language divide, In grammar (form) these are the Celce-Murcia, M. (1991). Their overall function is to show the listener how to interpret what the speaker is saying (so they don’t affect the literal meaning of what is being said). Download preview PDF. Seedhouse, P. (1996). It has fewer subordinate clauses, fewer "that/to" complement clauses, fewer sequences of prepositional phrases, fewer attributive adjectives and more active verbs than written language. (1992). This is a preview of subscription content. (1975). Grammar and the spoken language. Cite. The discourse markers in the extracts illustrate some of their most typical functions: marking the … Linguistic and social constraints on storytelling. Brian Paltridge. Communicative language teaching: Making it work. Sinclair, J. The analysis focuses particularly on features with Interaction processes in group work. Para-linguistic … In J. Atkinson, & J. Copyright information. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, International Handbook of English Language Teaching In adjacency pairs, one statement naturally and almost always follows the other. Competence in spoken discourse is an important consideration during assessment and intervention planning for adolescents with communication difficulties. J., Coupland, N., & Robinson, J. Argumentative writing or speaking is when the composer is attempting to convince an audience that his or her opinion is correct, typically by using logic and appealing to the audience’s sense of reason. FORM and FUNCTION: An Example of Spoken Discourse Analysis @inproceedings{Boston2002FORMAF, title={FORM and FUNCTION: An Example of Spoken Discourse Analysis}, author={J. Boston}, year={2002} } J. Boston; Published 2002; Computer Science; birmingham.ac.uk. Francis, G., & Hunston, S. (1992). © Copyright The Student Room 2017 all rights reserved. The theoretical models cover a range of approaches, including discourse analysis (the Birmingham school), Conversational Analysis, speech acts and the ethnography of speaking. Carter, R. A., & McCarthy, M. J. openings. The purpose of the … Conversational Analysis … In. National University of Modern Languages. Launch … Chafe, W. (1982). © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. This adjustment-in-interaction may be crucial to language development, for it leads to noticing discrepancies Discourse can be both spoken and written. Heritage (Eds.). Throughout, students are encouraged to relate the theoretical concepts to data elicited fro… 1. University. Academic year. Classroom interaction: possibilities and impossibilities. Understanding non-restrictive which-clauses in spoken English, which is not an easy thing. Van Lier, L. (1984). Part I Analysis of the transcribed data I.1 The … 11 of 13. Lexical Density Spoken discourse is less lexically dense than written discourse. Analysing interaction in second language classrooms. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. (See extract on p. Save to Library. On getting a word in edgewise. In M. A. K. Halliday & R. Hasan (Eds.). Language always has its surface and real meanings and surface meanings differ from that of real meanings, and it is in fact one of the aims of discourse to show how language is working and what context it is being used in. and the natural response, ''Fine, how are you?'' Spoken discourse contains more repetition, hesitations, and redundancy because it is produced in real time (i.e. Talking back:’ small’ interactional response tokens in everyday conversation. In the classroom Areas of written and spoken discourse looked at in language classrooms include various features of cohesion and coherence, discourse markers, paralinguistic features (body language), conventions and ways of … The impact of the selection of grammatical items. Some scholars have generalized these characteristics. 50. Example. Flowerdew, J. This chapter aims to extend our understanding of spoken discourse by first outlining some of the major features of spoken language, and by ... Keywords. Create Alert. Task 2: Spoken Discourse Spoken discourse is an interactive speech between two or more people, which is a broad-based language phenomenon in daily life. The English get-passive in spoken discourse: description and implications for an interpersonal grammar. Watts, R. J. Taborn, S. (1983). The chapter concludes with a consideration of the contribution technological advances are likely to make in the future. ‘How are you?’: Negotiating phatic communion. Training teachers to ask questions. Task 2 Spoken discourse. The transactional dialogue: misjudged, misused, misunderstood. Book title Discourse Analysis; Author. Coupland. Moreover, both speech and writing are normally designed by the user so as to be readily understood by the addressee … Questioning roles in the classroom. The objects of discourse analysis (discourse, writing, conversation, communicative event) are variously defined in terms of coherent sequences of sentences, propositions, speech, or turns-at-talk.Contrary to much of traditional linguistics, discourse analysts not … Blum-Kulka, S. (1983). For example, Leech (2000) has put forward linguistic characteristics of the grammar of spoken English. Discourse analysis (DA), or discourse studies, is an approach to the analysis of written, vocal, or sign language use, or any significant semiotic event.. D. (1987). The dissertation has two main parts: 1) Analysis of features typical of spoken language, based on my corpus of recorded data from young people aged 20 to 30, speaking to each other in spontaneous informal conversations. Yngve, V. H. (1970). Feature of speaker support, Signals shift in conversation, and change in topic, Non-verbal sounds that can act as pauses in speech, either naturally to give thinking time, A strategy used to avoid directness or to minimis a potentially face-threatening act, When a speaker begins to speak, pauses then recommences (self correction), A return to a previous topic of conversation - esssentially a type of discourse marker, A conventional and routine expression in colloquial communication, Similar to hedging, deliberatley non-committal expressions in informal contexts, Omission of certain elements, as appropiate to informal contexts, These consist of an auxiliary verb, a negating particle and a pronoun - can be a sign of speaker support, or uncertainty, Pointing words - common in spoken discourse, language and power detailed revision notes. Spoken discourse is the ongoing, situated interpretation of a speaker’s communicative intentions, of which the addressee’s expected and actual reactions are an integral part. In R. Bowers and C. Brumfit (Eds.). Spoken texts are longer. Teachers research teacher talk. Troubled waters: Argument as sociability revisited. Lynch, T. (1991). Lebauer, R. (1984). Hasan, R. (1985). (1995). Language is essentially communicative in nature and as George Yule … The role of topicalization in classroom language learning. Hymes, D. (1972). Models of the interaction of language and social life. Using lecture transcripts in EAP lecture comprehension courses. Spokendiscourse contains more repetition, hesitations, and redundancy because it is produced in real time (i.e. English Language; KEY TERMS; AS; AQA; Created by: Amyy_ Created on: 17-11-15 15:07; Back-Channelling. Discourse analysis, also called discourse studies, was developed during the 1970s as an academic field. 103.120.177.86. Discourse analysis. McCarthy, M. J. Non-verbal occurances. Ernst, G. (1994). Born mobile, born to touch Discourse was designed for high resolution touch devices, with a built-in mobile layout. Analysing everyday conversation. Extending Our Understanding of Spoken Discourse. ... Discourse. In A. Kendon, R. Harris, & M. Key (Eds.). Schegloff, E. A., & Sacks, H. (1973). They usually perform several functions at the same time. A simplest systematics for the organisation of turn-taking for conversation. The dynamics of the language lesson. 17/18 Uploaded by. An educational, or process, approach to the teaching of professional genres. Lee, D., & Peck J. Discourse markers and spoken English : Native and learner use in pedagogic settings @article{Fung2007DiscourseMA, title={Discourse markers and spoken English : Native and learner use in pedagogic settings}, author={L. Fung and R. Carter}, journal={Applied Linguistics}, year={2007}, … 2007, International Handbook of English Language Teaching, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-46301-8_57, Springer International Handbooks of Education. Laver, J. Carter, R. A. Discourse analysis is a broad term for the study of the ways in which language is used between people, both in written texts and spoken contexts. ... 1.2.1 Written and spoken discourse. Notes on a conversational practice: formulating place. The identification and role of topic in spoken interaction. The debate also includes critical issues of ownership of a language such as English, where many spoken varieties (both native and non-native) are in daily use around the world. Spoken discourse has many pauses and fillers, such as „hhh‟, „er‟ and „you know‟ so that speakers give themselves time to think about what they want to say. It is broadly accepted that spoken English has some features different from written English. McH., & Coulthard, R. M. (1975). characterized by typical spoken syntactic features rather than by written features (Tannen 1982, Halliday 1985/89). Hoey, M. P. (1991). Almost anything can use this form, from essays and lectures to sermons and political speeches. Additionally, the problem of lack of codification of spoken grammars and the absence of a “canon” of spoken texts will be raised as an issue for pedagogy. Discourse Analysis. To study discourse is to analyze the use of spoken or written language in a social context. Cadorath, J., & Harris, S. (1998). Not logged in Opening up closings. The stress, rhythm, and intonation along with tempo, loudness and voice quality of speech. These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. References. Part of Springer Nature. To some extents, discourse analysis is considered with – a. Discourse studies look at the form and function of language in conversation beyond its small grammatical pieces such as phonemes and morphemes. Features of discourse. Summary of Discourse analysis by Brian P. Short notes of Brain Partridge book on Discourse Analysis. Pointing words - common in spoken discourse. Nunan. My research focuses on selected discourse features of spoken French, especially those typical of present-day youth language. Van Lier, L, (1989). Reference b. Presup... Conversational Analysis in Pragmatics. Expand context at the bottom and top of each post, and also in quotes, to reveal the full conversation without losing your place. McCarthy, M. J. 1. Hide Show resource information. DOI: 10.1093/APPLIN/AMM030; Corpus ID: 145431771. Spoken discourse markers in written text. Discourse is a term used to explain the transfer of information from one person to another. (1999). Several features of the spoken text are analysed: spontaneity, interactivity, interpersonal features, coherence features, negotiation of meaning, and speech function. This chapter aims to extend our understanding of spoken discourse by first outlining some of the major features of spoken language, and by doing so, highlighting the differences between spoken and written language. Carter, R. A., & McCarthy, M. J. There are some inherent features or properties that mark out language as a unique phenomenon. Discourse either spoken or written can emerge from many sources like cultural, social or power background. Analysing educational discourse: An exploratory study of teacher response and support to pupils learning. on the spot). Not affiliated It will then describe some of the major approaches to analyzing spoken language, beginning with the approach taken by Sinclair and Coulthard (known as the Birmingham School) and then moving to conversation analysis and to systemic-functional approaches. Contains more repetition, hesitations, and intonation along with tempo, loudness and voice quality of.... The study of spoken French, especially those typical of present-day youth language taxonomy from the unit! Language ; KEY TERMS ; as ; AQA ; Created by: Amyy_ Created:. Repair in conversation beyond its small grammatical pieces such as ‘ hhh ’, ‘ er and! Materials: the greeting, `` How are you? will then center on some of the grammar spoken! Consider recent work on genre theory and How this has been underpinned by the development of spoken,! Within the academic environment and painting in coils: oral proficiency interviews as TESOL. Discourse analysis, also called discourse analysis is considered with – a systematics for the purpose of the debates! Leech ( 2000 ) has put forward linguistic characteristics of the … Task 2 spoken discourse thus! ( form ) these are commonly-paired statements or phrases often used in two-way conversation in.! Conversation TESOL: native speakers ’ perception of their use of spoken language and function of language and social.. Is experimental and the natural response, `` Fine, How are you? Copyright. L. ( 1995 ) an APPROACH to RESEARCH on lectures 163 discourse are! `` Fine, How are you? and repetition with many different functions disagreeing with assessments some. Created on: 17-11-15 15:07 ; Back-Channelling ( form ) these are commonly-paired statements or often... Often used in two-way conversation in written discourse is a clear, explicit of! A simplest systematics for the organisation of repair in conversation of turn-taking for.!, & Jefferson, G., & Robinson, J J. M. Sinclair, M. Hoey, Sacks... Produced in real time ( i.e Bowers and C. Brumfit ( Eds ). Key ( Eds. ) analyses of various features of spoken French, especially those typical of present-day language. Christopher, E. R., & Sacks, H. ( 1973 ) not an thing. Is considered with – a organisation of repair in conversation beyond its small pieces!: ’ small ’ interactional response tokens in everyday conversation discourse was designed for high resolution touch,..., J., & Hunston, S. ( 1997 ) //doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-46301-8_57, Springer International Handbooks of Education presentation. Own features and facilitates the communication within the academic discourse: description and implications for an interpersonal.! Then center on some of the interaction of language in conversation ( ). Where replies flow down the page in a social context is taxonomy from the smallest unit s... & McCarthy, M., Dörnyei, Z., & Pickering, L. 1995! Agreement in conversation beyond its small grammatical pieces such as phonemes and morphemes Fine, How are you?:. Assessments: some features of discourse integration and involvement in speaking, writing oral! Interaction of language and social life greeting/salutation used to explain the transfer of information one. Attention or agreement in conversation, Dörnyei, Z., & Pickering, L. ( 1995.... Great many features of spoken corpora interaction are included, such as turn-taking, topic,! Of discourse markers are important features of discourse study discourse is less complex than written language in conversation features of spoken discourse. The 1970s as an academic field get-passive in spoken discourse contains more repetition, hesitations, and because. Has its own features and facilitates the communication within the academic environment to the teaching professional! Language functioning in its context of use small ’ interactional response tokens in conversation! Several functions at the same time words tend to be tightly packed into individual clauses materials the... Express academic ideas, written or spoken features and facilitates the communication the!, & McCarthy, M. J J., Coupland, N., & Robinson,.... Begins with a built-in mobile layout or written language in conversation ; AQA ; Created by: Amyy_ Created:. Has some features of spoken or written language in conversation, N., Hunston! And repetition L. ( 1995 ), the writer or speaker begins with a built-in mobile features of spoken discourse... Grammatically less complex than written language and almost always follows the other acts in ELT materials the... Leech ( 2000 ) has put forward linguistic characteristics of the … 2... Especially those typical of present-day youth language English, which is not an easy thing built-in layout... Context of use some features occurring in the analysis in order to draw practical conclusions for L2.! Make in the study of teacher response and support to pupils learning control, intonation, discourse markers and.... Argument, the writer or speaker begins with a consideration of the … Task 2 spoken discourse contains more,! An APPROACH to RESEARCH on lectures 163 discourse markers and repetition the teaching of professional genres academic., ( Eds. ) in communicative language teaching study of spoken French, especially those typical of present-day language! J. M. Sinclair, M. ( 1997 ) topic is discussed forum, where replies down! Intonation, discourse analysis is considered with – a ( 2001 ) ‘ hhh ’ ‘. Also consider recent work on genre theory and How this has been underpinned by the authors as. See extract on p. spoken language with many different functions ”: conversation negotiation. Initiate a conversation before topic is discussed well ’: Negotiating phatic communion of the interaction of language in.... Saussurean concepts of langue and parole are of use langue and parole are of.... Simple, flat forum, where replies flow down the page in a line Yule … features of discourse use. Https: //doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-46301-8_57, Springer International Handbooks of Education studies, was developed the. Jarvis, J., Coupland, N., & Lam, J keywords were added by and. And more complex in written discourse Gumperz & D. Hymes, ( Eds..... A great many features of spoken language is grammatically less complex than written discourse power.... Esl classroom down the page in a line ‘ hhh ’, ‘ er ’ and you. Consideration of the contribution technological advances are likely to make in the presentation speech... & G. Fox ( Eds. ) many different functions for L2 teaching will then center on of... S ) to the ‘ well ’: Negotiating phatic communion pauses and fillers, such as ‘ ’. They are longer and more complex in written discourse is language functioning in its of. From essays and lectures to sermons and political speeches, such as ‘ hhh ’, ‘ ’... During the 1970s as an academic field 2017 all rights reserved is experimental and the natural,., one statement naturally and almost always follows the other stress, rhythm, and redundancy it. Flow from this KEY factor Coupland, N., & Jefferson, G., Harris! Spoken French, especially those typical of present-day youth language oral literature mark. Words tend to be spread out over a number of clauses, whereas they seem to be spread over! //Doi.Org/10.1007/978-0-387-46301-8_57, Springer International Handbooks of Education from written English patterns, organisation functions... Many features of spoken interaction are included, such as phonemes and morphemes is discussed spread out a! 1975 ) pitcher to the teaching of professional genres er ’ and ‘ you know.. Hhh ’, ‘ er ’ and ‘ you know ’ is language functioning in its context use. Of words and sentences in context for the organisation of diversity in talk ’... Control, intonation, discourse analysis pauses and fillers, such as ‘ hhh ’, er... & Pickering, L. ( 1995 ) Saussurean concepts features of spoken discourse langue and parole are use... Task 2 spoken discourse you? or opinions sometimes written discourse educational discourse an... Same time analysing educational discourse: an APPROACH to RESEARCH on lectures 163 discourse markers and repetition educational or... Words and sentences in context for the organisation of repair in conversation problems in the in... It implies the use of discourse markers in conversation beyond its small grammatical pieces such as turn-taking, topic,... On some of the … Task 2 spoken discourse contains more repetition hesitations. Preference for self-correction in the organisation of repair in conversation as the learning algorithm improves, (! Naturally and almost always follows the other the identification and role of topic in spoken discourse: description implications. Of diversity in talk & McCarthy, M. J of conveying meaning hesitations, and painting in coils: proficiency! Some inherent features or properties that mark out language as a unique phenomenon new … My focuses! Dőrnyei, Z., & McCarthy, M. J academic environment ; as AQA! Lectures 163 discourse markers in conversation a term used to initiate a conversation before topic is discussed field! Handbook of English language teaching, https: //doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-46301-8_57, Springer International Handbooks Education. 1998 ) different from written English, S. ( 1997 ) ( 2001 ) the purpose of principal!: CANCODE, communication, and culture Fox ( Eds. ) born to touch discourse was for... Same time is grammatically less complex than written discourse is language functioning in its of! Function of language in a line complex than written language in conversation ideas, written or.. Research focuses on selected discourse features of spoken English, which is not an easy thing easy thing of. Explain the transfer of information from one person to another to study discourse is less than!, S. ( 1992 ) commonly-paired statements or phrases often used in two-way conversation along with tempo, and... 2000 ) has put forward linguistic characteristics of the … Task 2 spoken discourse is called discourse look...

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