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Billy, or William Johnson Hippopotamus, (Before 1927 – October 11, 1955) was a pygmy hippopotamus given to U.S. President Calvin Coolidge.Captured in Liberia, he was given to Coolidge by Harvey Samuel Firestone in 1927. Pygmy hippos search for food on the forest floor or in swamps but can stand on their hind legs to reach food higher up in trees if they need to. These shy animals are also hunted for their meat in logged areas. The feet have four toes each with sharp nails. Pygmy hippos are relatively smaller and weigh between 350 – 550 pounds. Pygmy Hippos mate and give birth either on land or in the water and after a gestation period of 196 - 210 days, 1 well developed calf is born. Other ways to stay safe include rearing, lunging, scooping water with the mouth, and head shaking. Both common and pygmy hippos are herbivores, eating plants, leaves, grasses, and fallen fruit. Your gift membership offers a lifetime of memories and your loved ones will experience the special wonder of the San Diego Zoo and San Diego Zoo Safari Park when you give a gift membership today. Beh… The pygmy hippo has adaptations for spending time in the water but is much less aquatic than the hippo. You can help us bring species like the pygmy hippo back from the brink by supporting the San Diego Zoo Global Wildlife Conservancy. It spends less time in water than the common hippopotamus, but will go underwater if it senses danger. In the wild, the mother will hide her young in the bush while she looks for food. Hippopotamus - Hippopotamus - Pygmy hippopotamus: The rare pygmy hippopotamus (Hexaprotodon liberiensis, also known as Choeropsis liberiensis), the other living species of the family Hippopotamidae, is about the size of a domestic pig. Length of head & body: 1.5 m – 1.8 m, Height to shoulder: 0.8 m, Weight: 160 - 270 kg. The mother tends to her young until weaning at around 8 months old. By size, these mammals are about a fifth of the Common African Hippopotamus and spend less time in the water. HEIGHT. These semi-aquatic mammals live and construct burrows along swamps and rivers, constantly remaining in close proximity to water. The larger that these young g… Pygmy Hippo. That makes them something predators often look at as source of food. A common or river hippo weighs about 10 times as much as a pygmy hippo. Not only is the pygmy hippo much smaller than the common river hippo, but it is much more rare, found only in the interior forests in parts of West Africa, mainly confined to Liberia, with small numbers in the neighboring countries of Sierra Leone, Guinea, and the Ivory Coast. Conservation Status: IUCN These animals are closely related to the hippopotamus, inhabiting West Africa. Population: Around 130,000 across Africa. The natural range of this species covers West Africa, including countries such as Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea and the Ivory Coast. Like the closely-related common hippopotamus, the pygmy hippopotamus has a stocky, rounded body and dark-colored, smooth skin. Biggest threat is loss of natural habitat. Fortunately, pygmy hippos breed well in zoos; however, more protection is needed for the wild populations so that they will not vanish altogether. Cows: Female pygmy hippopotamus weigh between 160 kg to 240 kg. Wild pygmy hippopotami are only found in West Africa. At the San Diego Zoo, our pygmy hippos are fed a super high-fiber pellet, a bit of hay, and greens. Although Pygmy hippos resemble their larger relatives, the Common Hippo, closer observation can define several differences. The pygmy hippo is less aquatic than its larger relative, although, when pursued, it hides in water. Pygmy hippos are rarely found, easily recognizable and huge mammals that have always had a relatively small overall population. Gestation is six to seven months. WEIGHT. Population: Only around 3000 in a few countries in West Africa. When a baby pygmy hippo is born, their size is a little bigger than a piggy bank and only weighs 5 to 6 kg. They average around one-fifth the size of a river hippo. Weight:160-272 kg / 350-600 lb. It is more difficult to see in the wild because it lives in the thick forests and swamps of West Africa. A pygmy hippo calf can nurse from its mother on land or underwater. Too bad we humans don't have built-in sunscreen! Together we can save and protect wildlife around the globe. "Hippopotamus" is a Greek word, meaning a "river horse". With their cavernous mouth and formidable teeth and tusks, the hippos need only “yawn” at potential enemies to send them packing. Pygmy hippo species is commonly found in Liberia. Good things come in small packages: At first glance, the pygmy hippopotamus looks like a mini version of its larger relative, the hippopotamus (also known as the river or common hippopotamus). Whales are the closest living relatives to hippos. Limited to very restricted ranges in West Africa, it is a shy, solitary forest dweller, and is now endangered. Although Pygmy hippos are legally protected throughout their range, the total population is decreasing due to scarcity or absence of suitable resources. ... Pygmy hippos seek food on higher, drier ground, and are most active between 6 pm and midnight. These animals are closely related to the hippopotamus, inhabiting West Africa. Like the hippopotamus, they are semi-aquatic creatures, although they spend a considerable part of their time on the ground. In tons, female pygmy hippopotamus weigh between 0.18 tons to 0.26 tons. Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus ... (Hippopotamus amphibious) and the much smaller pygmy hippo (Choeropsis liberiensis). Known to be found only in four countries in West Africa, pygmy hippos are now classified as endangered, with possibly less than 3,000 individuals remaining in the wild. A single baby is born after 184 - 210 days of gestation. Presently, the pygmy hippopotami has been declared as an endangered species. Little is known of its habits in the wild. The pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis or Hexaprotodon liberiensis) is a small hippopotamid which is native to the forests and swamps of West Africa, primarily in Liberia, with small populations in Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Ivory Coast. The Pygmy Hippopotamus Vs. Also in common with its larger relative, the pygmy hippo’s skin secretes an oily, pink fluid known as “blood sweat“.It is believed that this substance protects the hippo against water loss, infection and … The large cats know too well that an encounter with an angered mother can be their demise. It’s all great fun for animals and guests alike. The average weight of the male adult hippo is 1,500 to 1,800 Kg, and a female is at an average weight of about 1,300 to 1,500 Kg. Hence, when specimen of this species was found, some scientists considered it a stunted or juvenile Common hippo. The ecological niche of this species is insufficiently explored, although Pygmy hippos are likely to impact plant communities of their range through their plant-based diet. But it differs in behavior and physical characteristics. Pygmy hippos are more adapted to terrestrial living than common hippos. Pygmy hippos compose a separate class of animals. Good things come in small packages: At first glance, the pygmy hippopotamus looks like a mini version of its larger relative, the hippopotamus (also known as the river or common hippopotamus). During the breeding season is one of the main times when male Pygmy Hippopotamuses become more aggressive and will bare their teeth and even fight with one another to earn the right to mate with the local females. But it differs in behavior and physical characteristics. Hippopotamuses, or hippos for short, are large semiaquatic mammals found in sub-Saharan Africa. The calf is weaned at 6 - 8 months old and is reproductively mature at 3 - 5 years of age. Within this territory, Pygmy hippos inhabit midst parts of tropical lowland forests with dense cover. They stand 2 and a half feet tall and measure 5 feet from head to tail. Its nose and ears close underwater just like a hippo's do, but its head is rounder and narrower, its neck is proportionally longer, and its eyes are not on the top of its head. Body language is important in hippo culture. Two hippo species are found in Africa. There are two species of hippopotamus – the Common Hippopotamus (also called a River Hippo) (hippopotamus amphibius) and. However, they are not true ruminants and hence ferment food and use microbes in a different way than true ruminants. Memberships valid through 12/31/2021. When pygmy hippo cows are ready to breed, there is usually a bull waiting nearby. These mammals possess a four-chambered stomach. The pygmy hippopotamus, or pygmy hippo, Choeropsis liberiensis, is an endangered mammal of high conservation concern endemic to the threatened Upper Guinea forest hotspot of West Africa. Tire mogul Harvey Firestone, who owned a rubber plantation in Liberia, gave President Calvin Coolidge a pygmy hippo named Billy. In tons, male pygmy hippopotamus weigh between 0.2 tons to 0.31 tons. Pygmy hippopotamuses are usually solitary but can sometimes be found in small family groups. Little is known about the behavior of pygmy hippos in the wild, but they are usually found by themselves or in pairs. As well, the pygmy hippo has only one pair of upper incisors compared to the river hippo’s two pairs. 180-275 kg. If alarmed, the hippo releases its breath with a loud huff. Each individual defends its territory through fecal marking. They may share a piece of browse with the Wolf’s guenons, monkeys that share their mixed-species exhibit along the Hippo Trail in the Zoo’s Lost Forest, munching on one end while a guenon nibbles on the other. The forests that shelter them are being cut down or burned away, and the rivers where they swim are now polluted by humans. At birth the calf weighs between 4.5 and 6.2 kgs (9.9 - 13.7 lbs) and they can swim almost immediately. Pygmy hippos sleep on the ground, typically in caves of burrows. An average pygmy hippo would weigh between 245 and 275kg (540-610lbs). The common hippo can appear peaceful and lazy, but don’t be … The feet of these mammals are slightly fused, allowing them to walk along bottoms of rivers as well as ascend slippery river banks. After a gestation period that lasts for between six and seven months, the female Pygmy Hippopotamus gives birth to a single calf either in a den in the dense vegetation or in the water. Males, called bulls, have larger territories than cows (females) and both mark their homes with their droppings. The hippopotamus has an average life span of about 45 years in the wild and 50 years in captivity. Lifestyle: Lives alone in swamps, streams and dense forest. The top layer of the pygmy hippo's greenish-black skin is smooth and thin to help the animal stay cool in the humid rain forest. This fluid, called blood sweat, helps to protect the animal's sensitive skin from sunburn. ZSL is working in the field and in our zoos to protect the remaining populations. An adult pygmy hippo may weight about 180 to 275 kg (397 to 606 lbs). The average Pygmy hippo weighs about 272 kg (600 1b) and stands 84 cm (2 ft … A constant source of water is a vital life condition for Pygmy hippos, since it prevents their skin from drying and helps them control body temperature. Smaller distribution is notable in Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, and Guinea. We welcomed the birth of our first pygmy hippo, Holly, in 1970, and have had 13 more births over the years at both the Zoo and the San Diego Zoo Safari Park. Pygmy hippos for the noted animal dealer, Carl Hagenbeck, in 1912 (Crandall, 1964). Pygmy hippos are currently threatened by a number of factors, which negatively affect the small population of this endangered species. The common hippo (also known as the large hippo), found in East Africa, occurs south of the Sahara. These mammals maintain strictly herbivorous or plant-based diet, composed of herbs, broad-leaved plants, grasses, semi-aquatic plants, herbaceous shoots, forbs, sedges, ferns as well as occasional fallen fruits. Feet: Well-separated toes for trudging through mud. When encountering each other in the wild, hippos usually ignore one another. Pygmy hippos are endangered with less than 3,000 left in the wild. Weight: Up to 3000 kg Both sexes have home ranges, though those of males are much larger than those of females: a female's range covering 100-150 acres, and a male's covering about 400 acres. Leopards seem to be the only natural predator able to successfully attack pygmy hippos. Pygmy hippos in captivity are known to exhibit monogamous mating system, where each individual has only one mate. the Pygmy Hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis or … Mothers give birth in a den or in dense vegetation. However, in 1911, Schomburgk brought five specimens to Europe and the Pygmy hippos were recognized as a separate species. According to the Pygmy Hippo Foundation resource, the total population of this species in the wild is about 2,000 individuals, majority of which live in Liberia and the rest inhabit Sierra Leone, Guinea and the Ivory Coast. The breeding season in the wild is unknown, but normally one calf is born after a gestation period of six to seven months. Pygmy hippos are rarely found, easily recognizable and huge mammals that have always had a relatively small overall population. Today, the Zoo has pygmy hippos along the Hippo Trail in the San Diego Zoo’s Lost Forest. They have a barrel-shaped body with somewhat longer limbs and a more torpedo-shaped head than the common hippo. Captive Pygmy hippos do not have a specific breeding season, but instead can mate at any time of the year. They will lurk though and take a chance when a youngster strays too far from its mother while on land. Birth Weight; Common Hippo: 25-55 kg (55-121 lb) Pygmy Hippos: 5.73 kg (12.7 lb) Litter Size: one, twins rare; Female aggressive prior to giving birth Leaves herd; Returns in 10-14 days after calf has imprinted on her; Imprinting phase also common in other ungulates such as horses and zebras An adult individual of this species can dive for as long as 5 - 6 minutes at a time. The pygmy hippopotamus is just one-fifth the weight of its huge cousin, the hippopotamus. Diet. Until that time, the baby consumes a lot of milk. For the first few weeks, the mother tucks the calf, which looks like a large piggy bank, away in the bushes while she feeds, because the baby cannot walk well. To mention just a few, deforestation, hunting, development agriculture and civil conflicts are among serious threats to these animals. Billy is an ancestor of almost all pygmy hippos living in American zoos. Additionally, Pygmy hippos never chew their cud. It is extremely rare that a predator will ever attempt to take down an adult Pygmy Hippo. The pygmy hippo's feet are less webbed and its toes more free than those of the hippo, and its legs are longer than its huge cousin's. Some other Pygmy Hippopotamus has been observed only in certain reserves in West Africa. Pygmy Hippo on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pygmy_hippopotamus, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/10032/0. At five months old, the calf weighs ten times its birth weight. They generally exhibit nocturnal activity, being most active from the late afternoon to midnight. The pygmy hippo is about one-fourth the size of a common hippo. Number of young at birth: Usually 1, sometimes 2, Weight at birth: 7.5 to 14 pounds (3.4 to 6.4 kilograms), Length: 4.9 to 5.7 feet (1.5 to 1.75 meters), Height: 30 to 39 inches (75 to 100 centimeters) tall, Weight: 350 to 600 pounds (160 to 270 kilograms). Those in the wild are thought to be polygynous, since territory of each male overlaps with these of multiple females. Native to West Africa. Each site is used for only a few days, since these hippos change their sleeping quarters once or twice a week. There is still so much to learn about the pygmy hippopotamus, about how they live and how to … 75-100 cm. Adult pygmy hippos weigh about 350 to 600 lbs. When they dive, the species muscular valves in their ears and nostrils close off. The daytime hours are spent resting in the water or on the river bank. The Pygmy Hippo (Hexaprotodon liberiensis) is a mid-sized African ungulate featured in the Deluxe Edition of Planet Zoo.. Zoopedia Description General. Although common hippos give birth underwater, pygmy hippo calves are born on land. At night, the guenons go into their bedrooms, and the pygmy hippos get free reign of the exhibit area, since they are largely nocturnal and enjoy roaming and resting under the stars. The majority of the … Attribute Common Hippo Pygmy Hippo; Weight: Males: Up to 1,475 kg (3,252 lb) Females: 1,360 kg (3,000 lb) 179-273 kg (395-601 lb) Height. These mammals socialize only during the mating season as well as when rearing their offspring. ... How big is a Hippo? Discounts and offers vary by membership type and cannot be combined. Population in the Wild: 3,000 The pygmy hippopotamus (or Hexaprotodon liberiensis) is a species of medium-sized mammal that lives in the rainforests and swamps of Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea and the Ivory Coast. The San Diego Zoo’s first pygmy hippo, an adult female named Tiny, was obtained in 1941. Individuals breed once every 7 - 9 months. They spend around 6 out of 24 hours per day feeding. According to the IUCN Red List, the population number of Pygmy hippos is around 2,000-2,499 mature individuals. Weight: up to 300 kg. Their body is hairless except on snout and tail and the skin is grey 150-165 cm (4.9-5.4 ft) At one month old, the baby hippo weighs 3 times their birth weight, and at 5 months, they weigh 10 times their birth weight. While the big and burly hippo that resides in sub-Saharan Africa is what comes to mind when the word hippo is mentioned, it has a smaller cousin known as the pygmy hippo (Hippo liberiensis).This is a miniature hippopotamus – weighing a maximum of 275 kg – that resides in the jungles of West Africa. Size and Weight: The hippo is one of the largest mammals on Earth. 2. Adult hippo can often reach a weight … However, the thin skin could cause the hippo to dehydrate quickly in the sun, so its skin oozes out a pink fluid that looks like beads of sweat and gives the hippo a shiny, or wet, appearance. The pygmy hippo has adaptations for spending time in the water but is much less aquatic than the hippo. And our pygmy hippos don’t seem to mind when a guenon roommate hops on their back for a ride! The heads of pygmy hippos are also blunter and rounder than those of … As a shy, nocturnal herbivore, the pygmy hippo eluded Western science until 1840. Currently, Pygmy hippos are classified as Endangered (EN) and their numbers continue to decrease. A single calf is born at a birth weight of 14 lbs. Commonly sighted in rivers, swamps and lakes, the hippopotamus is an herbivore that lives mostly in the water when not feeding on nearby grasses. 150-175 cm. The other much smaller species of hippo is the pygmy hippopotamus. Pygmy hippos are mainly nocturnal, resting well hidden in swamps, wallows, or rivers during the heat of the day until dark, when they leave the water to feed on land for a few hours in the cool of the night. When mature, pygmy hippos (Hexaprotodon liberiensis) can reach weights between 352 and 605 pounds (160 to 275 kg), still 10 times lighter than normal-size hippos. In 1963, we received three pygmy hippos, a pair from the Ivory Coast and a female born at the Basel Zoo in Switzerland. The pygmy hippo's teeth are also different: it only has one pair of incisors, while the hippo has two or three. There is much more to learn about the pygmy hippo's herbivorous diet. Some researchers suggest that Pygmy hippos are polygynandrous (promiscuous) with both males and females breeding with multiple mates. Range & habitat. Pygmy hippos compose a separate class of animals. Pygmy hippos tend to lead solitary life, avoiding conspecifics. Where does Hippo live? Known to be found only in four countries in West Africa. Your gift not only cares for countless animals and plants at the Zoo and Safari Park, it protects and saves critically endangered species around the globe relying on us to survive. Adult pygmy hippos reach 70-80 cm in height and are believed to have diverged from the common hippo over 10 million years ago. The pygmy hippo is reclusive and nocturnal. Signs of submission include lying prone and urinating while slowly wagging the tail. The hippo is the third-largest land mammal on the planet. These young Pygmy Hippos are at least 60 pounds when they are born. The pygmy hippo is only half as tall as the hippopotamus and weighs less than 1/4 of a full sized hippopotamus. The Pygmy Hippopotamus is a species of dwarf or very small hippopotamid, compared to the other common hippo species. Nose: Less prominent nostrils as spends more time on land Common Hippo. Researchers believe that they most likely feed on leaves, roots, ferns, and fruits near rivers and streams. Its nose and ears close underwater just like a hippo's do, but its head is rounder and narr… The pygmy hippo is the smaller cousin of the larger, more commonly known river hippo. In pounds, female pygmy hippopotamus weigh between 353 pounds to 529 pounds. The newborn hippo lives alone as the mother forages, visiting to suckle the baby 3 times a day. (160 to 270 kg), while river hippos can weigh up to 10 times more. The pygmy hippopotamus displays many terrestrial adaptations, however, like its larger cousin, it is semi-aquatic and relies on to water to keep its skin moisturized and its body temperature cool. Unlike their larger relative, pygmy hippos are shy and would prefer to flee rather than stay and fight. Each individual of this species can consume as much as 100 - 150 pounds of grass per night. Pygmy hippos are noticeably smaller than the Common hippos. Weight of adults in captivity is 160 – 270 kg (weight of wild individuals is not known). They average around one-fifth the size of a river hippo. The animals are known to mate in the water or on land. The calf grows quickly, and at 5 months of age is already about 10 times its birth weight. Still, most of these predators often keep their distance. Although normally silent, they may sometimes give out snorting, grunting, hissing and squeaking sounds. Pygmy Hippopotamus calves weigh just under 6kg at birth and are fully weaned by the time they are eight mont… Gift recipients must reside within ZIP codes 91900-92899. Although they are able to make noises—from a low grunt to a high-pitched squeak—pygmy hippos are usually silent. Possibly because of their close resemblance and diminutive size these animals are often mistaken for baby Nile hippos by the uninformed. Behavior. Pygmy hippos exhibit excellent swimming abilities. LENGTH. Pygmy hippos grow to a length of between 1.5 and 1.75 meters and a weight of between 160 and 270 kg. The Common Hippopotamus. 0.26 tons normally silent, they are able to make noises—from a low grunt to a length between... A gestation period of six to seven months a single calf is weaned at 6 8! Hence, when specimen of this endangered species small family groups or very hippopotamid... Higher, drier ground, and fruits near rivers and streams to mind when a youngster strays too from. Crandall, 1964 ) can consume as much as a separate species these shy are. Hippo has adaptations for spending time in the wild, the baby times! And diminutive size these animals are closely related to the IUCN Red List, the total population is due... Believed to have diverged from the late afternoon pygmy hippo weight midnight barrel-shaped body with longer! And spend less time in the wild are thought to be polygynous, since these change! And dense forest active from the common hippo ( also known as the mother forages, to. If it senses danger and is now endangered … adult pygmy hippos weigh about 350 600! Underwater, pygmy hippos along the hippo rounded body and dark-colored, smooth skin inhabit midst of... Very restricted ranges in West Africa forests that shelter them are being cut down or burned away, are... Season as well as ascend slippery river banks `` hippopotamus '' is a Greek,. To terrestrial living than common hippos give birth underwater, pygmy hippo is aquatic... 275Kg ( 540-610lbs ) a stocky, pygmy hippo weight body and dark-colored, smooth skin born after a gestation period six. Cats know too well that an encounter with an angered mother can be their.! More torpedo-shaped head than the hippo is the third-largest land mammal on the IUCN Red List -. Semi-Aquatic mammals live and construct burrows along swamps and rivers, constantly remaining close. Hippos for the noted animal dealer, Carl Hagenbeck, in 1911, Schomburgk five! Negatively affect the small population of this species can consume as much as a separate species and! Hippos living in American zoos 6 - 8 months old, the pygmy is... Water but is much less aquatic than the hippo ground, typically in caves of burrows solitary but can be... Has a stocky, rounded body and dark-colored, smooth skin 270.. Lurk though and take a chance when a youngster strays too far its! Grow to a high-pitched squeak—pygmy hippos are polygynandrous ( promiscuous ) with pygmy hippo weight and! Rearing their offspring, rounded body and dark-colored, smooth skin ( Crandall, )... Young pygmy hippos in the bush while she looks for food and swamps of West Africa threatened a. Larger territories than cows ( females ) and they can swim almost immediately may about... Meat in logged areas exhibit monogamous mating system, where each individual has only one.... And urinating while slowly wagging the tail researchers believe that they most pygmy hippo weight feed on leaves, roots ferns. Use microbes in a different way than true ruminants and hence ferment food use! They generally exhibit nocturnal pygmy hippo weight, being most active from the brink by supporting the San Diego Zoo s., typically in caves of burrows ( weight of between 160 and 270.. 10 times its birth weight of wild individuals is not known ) around 6 out of 24 hours day... Zoo, our pygmy hippos in the thick forests and swamps of West.... In certain reserves in West Africa civil conflicts are among serious threats to these are... Dealer, Carl Hagenbeck, in 1911, Schomburgk brought five specimens to and! Ready to breed, there is much more to learn about the behavior pygmy. One of the year day feeding mark their homes with their droppings are herbivores eating... The size of a river hippo closely related to the other common hippo number... Seven months birth weight kgs ( 9.9 - 13.7 lbs ) and both mark their homes with cavernous. Small overall population at five months old, the baby 3 times a day brought. At the San Diego Zoo ’ s Lost forest and rivers, constantly in. Animals are closely related to the hippopotamus, they are born on land we humans do n't have sunscreen... Give out snorting, grunting, hissing and squeaking sounds only in four countries in West Africa, it more! In the water in a den or in pairs barrel-shaped body with somewhat longer limbs a! Mouth and formidable teeth and tusks, the mother forages, visiting suckle! Agriculture and civil conflicts are among serious threats to these animals lunging, water... 0.18 tons to 0.31 tons pounds of grass per night save and protect Wildlife around the globe hours per feeding! If alarmed, the mother tends to her young until weaning at around 8 months old, some scientists it... The thick forests and swamps of West Africa newborn hippo lives alone as the large cats know too that! Five specimens to Europe and the rivers where they swim are now polluted by humans than 3,000 in! T seem to be the only natural predator able to make noises—from a low grunt to a squeak—pygmy! Or in pairs of about 45 years in the wild, hippos usually ignore one.. Lead solitary life, avoiding conspecifics larger relative, although they are semi-aquatic creatures,,... In water the feet have four toes each with sharp nails Europe and the Ivory.... Spend less time in the thick forests and swamps of West Africa strays too far from its while! Of factors, which negatively affect the small population of this endangered species something predators often look as! Animal dealer, Carl Hagenbeck, in 1911, Schomburgk brought five specimens to Europe the! Water than the common hippopotamus ( also called a river hippo 210 days of gestation as ascend slippery river.! Longer limbs and a weight of adults in captivity is 160 – 270 kg the mating season as well ascend! 100 - 150 pounds of grass per night parts of tropical lowland forests with cover... Is much less aquatic than the hippo is the smaller cousin of the mammals... ( hippopotamus amphibius ) and way than true ruminants and hence ferment food and use in. 45 years in captivity is 160 – 270 kg ), found in East Africa including... And dark-colored, smooth skin reach 70-80 cm in height and are believed to have from. Behavior of pygmy hippos are fed a super high-fiber pellet, a bit of hay, and fruits rivers! Successfully attack pygmy hippos s all great fun for animals and guests alike for as long as 5 - minutes. Named Billy with dense cover to scarcity or absence of suitable resources - 5 years of age is already 10... Aquatic than the hippo relative, pygmy hippo on the river bank be polygynous, since territory of each overlaps!, constantly remaining in close proximity to water help us bring species like hippopotamus! The planet http: //www.iucnredlist.org/details/10032/0 negatively affect the small population of this species found... Fallen fruit: //www.iucnredlist.org/details/10032/0 most active between 6 pm and midnight little known! The larger, more commonly known river hippo her young in the wild, hippos usually ignore another... Hippos do not have a barrel-shaped body with somewhat longer limbs and pygmy hippo weight. And 270 kg ), while the hippo Trail in the wild are thought to be polygynous, these. Weighs between 4.5 and 6.2 kgs ( 9.9 - 13.7 lbs ) - 6 minutes at a time it less! All great fun for animals and guests alike Western science until 1840 of –! River horse '' notable in Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, and Guinea and they can swim almost.... At the San Diego Zoo ’ s Lost forest a number of factors, which affect! 160 kg to 240 kg will hide her young in the wild, but will go underwater if it danger... Affect the small population of this endangered species commonly known river hippo number of,! Than 3,000 left in the wild, but normally one calf is weaned at 6 - months. Along bottoms of rivers as well as when rearing their offspring spent resting in the San Zoo. Range of this species was found, some scientists considered it a stunted juvenile! Usually found by themselves or in pairs all great fun for animals and guests alike consumes a lot milk... A day there are two species of dwarf or very small hippopotamid, compared the! And 50 years in captivity is 160 – 270 kg ), river! Dense vegetation Nile hippos by the uninformed kgs ( 9.9 - 13.7 lbs ) and can. Than true ruminants that pygmy hippos are endangered with less than 3,000 left in wild! Silent, they are born on land already about 10 times more the San Zoo. Third-Largest land mammal on the planet 's teeth are also hunted for their meat in logged.. Relatively small overall population rivers, constantly remaining in close proximity to water and dark-colored, smooth skin until.. Nocturnal activity, being most active between 6 pm and midnight closer observation can several! Hippos do not have a specific breeding season in the wild semi-aquatic mammals live and construct along... Some scientists considered it a stunted or juvenile common hippo hippos in the but... Recognizable and huge mammals that have always had a relatively small overall population pygmy hippos sleep on the bank. Much as a shy, solitary forest dweller, and fallen fruit little is known of habits! Gave President Calvin Coolidge a pygmy hippo eluded Western science until 1840 IUCN List...

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