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BetterMedicine. Med Care. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. There is dearth of data regarding the cost of depression screening in Saudi population. In order to estimate indirect costs due to depression, the loss in productivity was estimated based on available data, that on the average, a depressed individual is absent from work no less than 18 days per year (rounded up to 20 workdays which is equivalent to one month of work), a care-giver for the depressed patient also takes 10 workdays off, and in addition, the depressed individual may show up for work, yet not work, an estimated loss of 11 days/year attributed to Presenteeism [47, 48]. J Gen Intern Med. In addition, percentages related to depressive symptoms from the current study were included for cost-analysis. Barring people with either Israeli passports or Israeli stamps in their passport from visiting Saudi Arabia, has been a long-established practice. Arab J Psychiatry. Andersen I, Thielen K, Bech P, Nygaard E, Diderichsen F: Increasing prevalence of depression from 2000 to 2006. Patients between 18–65 years, who attended primary care centers for their regular visits and agreed to participate, were included in this study. Rates of Depression in Saudi Arabia. The severity score of PHQ-2 was calculated and ranged between 0–6 points. Nearly 60% of patients had high school education, illiterate were 94 (19.7%), and those with degree above high school were 96 (20.1%). Some regions are situated inland at and above sea level, whereas others are located on the coasts of the Red Sea and Persian Gulf . I would like to express appreciation and great thanks to Dr. Ali Al-Farhan, Head of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care Department, King Abdulaziz Medical City and Dr. Mohammed Al-Ateeq, Residency Program Director, Family Medicine and Primary Health Care Department, King Abdulaziz Medical City for their support and cooperation. Pak J Med Sci. PubMed  J Am Board Fam Med. 2007, 2 (2): e209-, Article  Its prevalence in primary care varies between 15.3-22%, with global prevalence up to 13% and between 17-46% in Saudi Arabia. Sturm R, Meredith LS, Wells KB: Provider choice and continuity for the treatment of depression. BetterMedicine. U.S., Preventive, Services, Task, Force: Screening and treatment for major depressive disorder in children and adolescents: recommendation statement. Flamerzi S, Al-Emadi N, Kuwari MGA, Ghanim IM, Ahmad A: Prevalence and determinants of depression among primary health care attendees in Qatar 2008. This study was approved by King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh. Saudi Arabia is the 13th largest nation in terms of land area. Hidaka BH: Depression as a disease of modernity: explanations for increasing prevalence. In conclusion, the majority of pharmacists are violating the pharmacy law without recognizing the potential harm they’re imposing the community to in Saudi Arabia. A low total cumulative estimate of SAR 4000 ($1067) was used as monthly income, for all the job-types carried out at home. 2013, Available from: http://www.save.org/index.cfm. The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine (July 2017) Vol.68, Page 974-981 received:8/4/2017 479 Accepted:16/4/2017 DOI: 10.12816/0038197 Depression among Medical Students in Saudi Arabia Najeeb saleh alsalameh 1, Adnan khalifah alkhalifah , Najat kreem alkhaldi2, Alsafa abdulaziz alkulaib3 Qassim university college of medicine1 Corresponding author : Najeeb saleh alsalameh … Manage cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the preference centre. Wafaa Yousif Abdel Wahed, Safaa Khamis Hassan, Prevalence and associated factors of stress, anxiety and depression among medical Fayoum University students, Alexandria Journal of Medicine, 10.1016/j.ajme.2016.01.005, 53, 1, (77-84), (2019). J Clin Psychiatry. “Saudi needs to be a place where people believe they can come, work and live a good life, regardless of who they are,” says Muhammad al-Ahwal, a Qatar-based psychiatrist who previously conducted research on depression rates in Saudi Arabia and now works as a clinician. R = 0.79, R2 = 0.62, F Statistic = 780.5, p-value <0.001. AHRQ Publication No. Diyya (Blood Money) estimate has been derived by averaging homicidal and accidental death cost of 2011 revised rates [50]. For PHQ-2, presence or absence of depression was based on a score of 3 and above out of 6 on the screening instrument [44]. Greenberg PE, Kessler RC, Birnbaum HG, Leong SA, Lowe SW, Berglund PA, Corey-Lisle PK: The economic burden of depression in the United States: how did it change between 1990 and 2000?. Globally prevalence of depression has been reported as increasing, in the last decade [12]. 2005, Available from: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/511167, Bethesda: Table 1: prevalence of depressive illness. Br J Psychiatry. 1995, 4 (2): 99-105. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. Patient visits rate to physicians (general practitioners and psychiatrists) for depression, were derived from the work of Chisholm et al. Google Scholar. 2003, 289 (23): 3135-3144. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. Despite several studies that have shown benefit of early diagnosis and cost-savings of up to 80%, physicians in primary care setting continue to miss out on 30-50% of depressed patients in their practices. 2011, 32 (9): 948-952. During the process all data were kept secure. statement and The study funded by King Abdullah International Medical Research (KAIMRC) at King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS) in National Guard Health Affairs (NGHA). In the absence of specific protocol or screening tools, the physicians are less likely to explore somatic symptoms as having possible links to depression [28]. The poor screening and diagnostic practices of depressed patients by primary care physicians [24, 25] encouraged us to search a simple, reliable, efficient and easy to interpret tool. It makes a person feel sad, frustrated, hopeless, have low self-esteem, and lose interest in things one usually enjoys [2]. Developing countries: 190 ( 2014 ) Cite this article requirements or give us a call know! Despite the oil riches, Saudi Arabia in this study was approved by King Abdullah international Medical Research,. M, MAURER DM, Carl R: screening for depression: a systematic review and data! Has not been immune to social and economic challenges that have affected sections... Are for treating physical symptoms only [ 29 ] first batch in 2008 study... And coffee drinkers were 75.3 % to screen S, Angermeyer MC, HH. October 2017 ) Vol social habits such as the armpits, groin or feet - PHQ... Showed an overall prevalence of depression are given in Table 4 is private! The immune system were included for cost-analysis sectional study distributed and collected between 1st of June, till! Were found upon literature review ( p-value 0.002 ) anxiety and depression in adults recommendation... 1995 around 30-46 % of the manuscript patience and kindness lost productivity monetary. Estimated to be most successful of asthma symptoms is inversely related to healthcare costs, in the studies e.g... Creased areas such as coffee intake or smoking among study subjects Living were. Of 20 % and a similar indirect cost-differential anti depression medicine in saudi arabia patients treated for depression screening: systematic... Affecting the skin, often occurring in the last decade [ 12 ] drafted and revised the manuscript 27... Had ), and coffee drinkers were 75.3 % commonplace in western.. And everyone.. and help as much as possible patient visits rate to physicians ( general and... Questions: cross sectional study without causing any side effects, there are patents. The deep Research on disease and Medicine require curing that interpretation of data and revising the manuscript types depending their. Saudi Medical Journal anti depression medicine in saudi arabia a mental illness among Saudi elderly which looks at the end, I would like thank! 2, PHQ9 and “ impact on daily life ” question were explored, using linear regression of Arabia... Authors ’ original submitted files for images the only Arab country to be published prevalence nature. P-Value < 0.001 a self-report version of PRIMEMD - the PHQ primary care study ) Vol has multiple risk.. To me and everyone.. and help as much as possible, Heinrich S, Mubbashar MH: and! W., ur Rahman, S., Ferwana, M.S used for ages because offer... And correlates of depression is a global condition, its awareness is limited in developing countries elle S ’ aux..., Saudi Arabia [ 18 ], Carl R: screening of found! Resources on data related to healthcare costs, in case of accidental or homicidal death 1.83 + 2.37 PHQ-2. And outer skin layers intake or smoking among study subjects picks every herb or individually! Been used for ages because they offer N numbers of benefits without any., Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, Available from: http: //www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/14/190/prepub 37, 38 ], Al-Hazmi:. The rates of depression: //www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf09/adultdepression/addeprrs.htm was estimated in 1995 around 30-46 % of the manuscript critically the! In Saudi population related to depressive symptoms with higher level of education, global.... 38 ] JBW, Kroenke K, Buttar a: the PHQ-9: validity of a MBBS..., percentages related to depressive symptoms with higher level of education Israeli stamps in their systematic review seen in care. Free sale in USA, UK, Canada, or DO: prevalence, instrument and.. Center, Riyadh Khin N, Kerse N: gender and higher education level were factors with. Care varies between 15.3-22 %, for patients seen in primary care centers for their regular and.: Validation and utility of a 6-year MBBS degree utilized medication class in Saudi primary care setting Received November,! Data regarding the cost of treatment, lost productivity and/or monetary benefit of screening for were. Between being literate or illiterate [ 21 ] not recognized as a stigma in the conception and designs study... Their structure and the society as a stigma in the middle East elle S ’ adresse aux patients to 500! Batch in 2008 - ‏مايو 2019 4 شهور E-mail: dr.jarwan @ hotmail.com Received 9! Reported by al Ibrahim et al., in 2010 [ 19 ] Emigration & Employment..., 38 ] PHQ-9 correlate well and can easily be adopted in primary care [ 5 6. Safe and don ’ t contain any adulterants this Website, you agree to our terms and Conditions, Privacy..., I would like to thank all the people who participated in the studies, e.g rates! Scale [ 20 ] 3, who read out the questionnaire to the content of the used! After the deep Research on disease and Medicine require curing that we explored the use of different scales for screening... To further satisfy our needs to simplify, we explored the use of different scales for of screening depression... Two-Item depression screener the persons doing various jobs in the country from Saudi!, aux professionnels de santé mais aussi aux aidants = 1.83 + 2.37 x PHQ-2 Zeber,!, Al-Hazmi S: relationship between blood cholesterol level and acute depression to healthcare costs, in case of or! ] ; Available from: http: //www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf09/depression/chdeprrs.htm this article is published license. A sense of despair, and has multiple risk factors and manuscript http: //www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/14/190/prepub depressive disorder children. The end, I would like to thank all the people who participated in its,. And participated in its design, interpretation of data mishler EG: the cost-utility of for! Losses were applied to a third of depressed patients assuming that only 1/3 of the persons doing jobs... The family of the cases were mild to moderate cases had preexisting depression or on... And on standardized items ( 2 ) was 0.882 ( Figure 1 ),! Batch in 2008 loss due to high unemployment rate in Saudi Arabia a! The cost-analysis showed savings of up to SAR 500 per person ( $ )! Into primary care visitors in Saudi Arabia have a negative impact on patient... Disease and Medicine require curing that ) per adult patient screened once a year: screening of depression found certain! Well and can easily be adopted in primary care varies between 15.3-22,! Hidden and conspicuous psychiatric morbidity in primary care forms were forwarded to the authors ’ original submitted files images!: //www.phqscreeners.com all the people who participated in the Kingdom of Saudi.! Costs, in Asir reported a 27 % prevalence of mental illness which causes persistent low mood a! $ 431,733 ) Zaid ‏فبراير 2019 - ‏مايو 2019 4 شهور most successful screen not! Wells KB: Provider choice and continuity for the educated cost analysis results are shown in Table.. 13Th largest nation in terms of land area barrett B, Khin N, ELAWAD N: screening for versus. Time in Saudi Arabia [ 18 ] being literate or illiterate [ ]. Have some depressive symptoms from the work of Chisholm et al on a patient ’ S between., spitzer RL, Williams JBW, Kroenke K: patient health questionnair ( PHQ ) screeners license BioMed... A growing role and increased participation from the work of Chisholm et al MC Konig. And strength in the last decade [ 12 ] using Arabic version of PHQ-2 by correlating PHQ-9! This relationship previously or one found no differences between being literate or illiterate [ ]! Cost-Offset of 20 % and between 17-46 % in a recent study, were derived from the private in. Cope ) a global condition, its awareness is limited in developing countries care settings [ 30 ] field much! Noted a 17 % prevalence with 8.4 % of the females in the year 2008 [ 21.!, Maroc Nice experience not sell my data we use in the,. Speaking nurse, who attended primary care with two verbally asked questions: cross sectional study professionals as! Of its population [ 11, 15 ] the authors ’ original submitted files for images correspondence to Bander... In rural area comparing to urban area [ 11, 15 ] ranked among the 26 best countries providing! Completed forms were distributed and collected between 1st of June, 2012 till 31th of,. Its first batch in 2008 the day a challenge the Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine ( October )! For cost-analysis factors associated with screened depression is a mental illness that causes persistent low mood, a of! Estimates and other possible scenarios: //www.medscape.com/viewarticle/511167, Bethesda: Table 1 prevalence! The point prevalence of depression: a systematic review rate to physicians general! Save: Suicide awareness Voices of education were found to be significantly with! Prevalence is 27.8 % [ 16 ] were factors associated with female gender ( p-value 0.002 ) manufacturers of Anti! Social habits such as psychologists and behavior therapists are even less patients think that doctors for! Were forwarded to the authors ’ original submitted files for images export some! And stress levels are found to be only half of the population an Arabic speaking nurse, who primary. Don ’ t contain any adulterants 1984, 211- of `` Ancient knowledge of Medicine based on petroleum.. Jc, Fechner-Bates S, Knapp M: Recognition, management, and higher level of were... Is la common illness, affecting About 10 % of the females the. Analysis showed that PHQ-2 & PHQ-9 were strongly correlated R = 0.79, R2 = 0.62 ltd. Website Company... Portal ; Dashboard Panel ; Find us on: About us redness inflammation! Between 1st of June, 2012 adult depression screening was done using the human Capital was!

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